Rammed earth, bamboo cultural center keeps naturally cool in Senegal
Photo courtesy of Inhabitat
In the remote Senegalese village of Sinthian rises a culture center that twists and turns like a sinuous sculpture.
New York-based Toshiko Mori Architect designed an eye-catching building, called Thread, as an artists’ residency and cultural center commissioned by the Josef and Anni Albers Foundation. Constructed from local materials, the building’s rammed earth and large thatched openings help promote natural cooling, reports Inhabitat.
Winner of a 2017 AIA Honor Award, the Thread Artist Residency & Cultural Center comprises two artists’ dwellings and studio spaces for local and visiting international artists, but also serves as a greater community hub for Sinthian and the surrounding villages. Shared between 12 local tribes, the socio-cultural center provides agricultural training, as well as an exhibition space, kindergarten, children’s play area, library, performance space and a center for charging mobile homes.
“It is a hub for Sinthian and surrounding villages, providing agricultural training on the area’s fertile land and a meeting place for social organization which is, in rural Senegal, the crucial mechanism for sustainable development,” according to a statement from the Aga Khan Award for Architecture about the project. “The success of its atypical plurality proves why art and architecture should be the right of all people.”
Constructed with a team of 35 local workers over the course of a year, Thread is topped by an undulating thatched roof designed to facilitate rainwater collection, provide shade and promote natural ventilation.
The building structure was built from a bamboo framework fitted with rammed earth bricks that help absorb heat during the day and dissipates warmth at night. Site-specific solar conditions were taken into consideration when orienting the building spaces to minimize glare and unwanted solar heat gain.
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