Geothermal advances provide peek underground
E4D-RT technology provides a real-time underground view. Photo courtesy of U.S. Department of Energy
Energy sources originating from beneath the Earth’s surface satisfy more than 80 percent of total U.S. energy needs, and a key energy challenge today is to ensure safe, sustainable and affordable availability of these natural resources in the subsurface.
A key issue, however, is being able to “see” what is in the subsurface. The Department of Energy (DOE) is funding R&D to advance technologies that allow access to this reliable, secure energy source under SubTER.
SubTER is providing solutions to subsurface challenges by drastically accelerating technology development with the aim of achieving mastery of subsurface processes. Next-generation advances in subsurface technologies will enable increases in domestic energy supplies, including more than 100 gigawatts of renewable geothermal energy from conventional hydrothermal and enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) – man-made reservoirs created by drilling wells thousands of feet below the earth to access hot rock at the earth’s crust.
Before the widespread development of EGS can occur, however, the upfront exploration and installation costs must be reduced significantly.
Moving one step closer, researchers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) successfully developed a “tool” called E4D-RT processing with the ability to “see underground,” or better image the subsurface, through a research and development project funded by DOE’s Office of Science and Office of Environmental Management.
The tool provides faster, more accurate interpretations of data from simulation models and improves the cost competitiveness of EGS development. PNNL and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) successfully imaged a fracture network that was created using Sandia’s explosive technology in a SubTER project titled “Imaging Fracture Networks Using Joint Seismic and Electrical Change Detection Techniques.”
As a co-principal investigator, PNNL used E4D-RT to image the fractures in real time. Using the data generated by the E4D-RT tool, researchers are able to improve current models used to predict fracture networks. Through the use of E4D-RT, "snapshots" of subsurface conditions are collected by measurements made at the surface or by electrodes inserted in boreholes that pass an electrical current through the material being studied and record how difficult it is for that electrical current to move through the material.
The models are important for geothermal energy investors, decision-makers and stakeholders, officials said, because it reduces uncertainty and helps to more accurately target where geothermal wells should be drilled. Using this technology is one of the many steps that will help reduce these costs and make widespread EGS and geothermal power production a reality.
The software combines supercomputers to analyze large-scale problems with data processing; provides real-time imaging that allows investigators to understand subsurface processes at the time they are occurring and enables the modeling of buried metallic infrastructure.
“It’s very much like medical imaging,” said PNNL scientist Timothy Johnson, inventor of E4D-RT. “One of the unique things that we’ve done is bring high-performance computing to this problem. We have sensors in the field that are monitoring, and then this information is sent to the super computers that process it. Then, they deliver data back to the field in near real-time. That’s really, really powerful.”
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Companies: U.S. Department of Energy