Architects turn to wood for greener, healthier work spaces
While adaptive reuse of existing spaces is fulfilling some of the demand for healthier, creative office spaces, new construction presents even greater opportunity.
In a recent survey of architects, developers and other real estate professionals, 41 percent of respondents based in the U.S. said they expect to work on green commercial buildings in the coming years. More than half (52 percent) cited client demands as the main reason they would build green.
That makes wood an ideal building material to meet the needs of the market and the next generation of office workers, officials say.
With research showing the average North American spends 90 percent of their time indoors, Think Wood advocates for the design of buildings – particularly office spaces – to promote productivity, functionality, creativity and occupant wellbeing. Uses of wood as a structural or finishing material not only offer aesthetic beauty, but enhance indoor air quality, acoustics, thermal comfort and energy efficiency.
Perhaps most notably, it also has biophilic benefits — the innate wellness humans feel toward nature.
Portland, Oregon-based Ankrom Moisan Architects is one of several architecture firms that has designed its own office using wood. 38 Davis features a timber-frame structure with exposed glulam beams over a concrete podium, and other exposed wood, brick and concrete elements throughout that reflect the firm’s sustainable values, creative culture and urban identity.
“We wanted our founding office to inspire, support and nurture the creativity of occupants working and living in the new building,” said Murray Jenkins, executive vice president at Ankrom Moisan Architects. “The natural wood elements in the exposed structure and interior design not only provide warmth, texture and visual appeal, but the space fosters collaboration and enables us to thrive as a firm and as a community.”
Clients in the commercial marketplace are increasingly looking for work environments that offer a flexible mix of work and meeting spaces for enhanced collaboration, provide acoustic and thermal comfort, and strike a balance between new and old design concepts, wood building advocates say. In addition to biophilic health benefits and lower environmental impact, wood construction and finishings create a warm, clean and inspiring atmosphere, and also incorporate state-of-the-art building performance like reduced noise, high air quality and compact, highly efficient HVAC technology.
There are many advantages to incorporating wood into office buildings today and into the future, according to Think Wood. Among them:
- Project efficiency:Next-generation wood products are created off site, shipped to the job in prefabricated sections and assembled safely and rapidly, facilitating accelerated construction schedules and reduced labor costs.
- Environmental: Wood structures require less embodied energy, are responsible for lower air and water pollution, and have a lighter carbon footprint than other commonly used building materials such as steel and concrete.
- Safety: Regardless of material used, less than one percent of fires occur during construction. Fires that do happen during construction often take place when fire-limiting features, such as automatic sprinkler systems, are not yet in place. To date, nearly 97 percent of fires in sprinklered buildings have been contained to the room of origin. Mass timber offers excellent fire resistance as thick panels char at a slow, predictable rate. Both light-frame and mass timber structures benefit from added fire protection, such as firewalls and use of gypsum board products. In addition, wood’s inherent flexibility and light weight provides benefits in a seismic or high-wind event.
- Occupant well-being: Wood structures are ultimately healthier and more comfortable for occupants, both decreasing stress and improving air quality and acoustics.
- Indoor air quality: Wood naturally improves indoor air quality due to its hypoallergenic characteristics, from easy-to-clean surfaces to humidity moderation.
- Acoustics: Wood is the material of choice for architects and designers seeking to deliver the highest-quality acoustic performance, as it is naturally sound-dampening and offers excellent noise control.
- Stress reduction: Human exposure to nature indoors, including wood, is directly linked to positive psychophysiological responses.
Topics: Architectural Firms, Construction Firms, Energy Saving Products, Engineering Firms, Environmental Firms, Great Commercial Buildings, Healthy & Comfortable Buildings, Indoor Air Quality (IAQ), Multifamily / Multiunit Residential, Office Buildings, Sustainable Communities, Technology, Urban Planning and Design